Worms are parasitic worms found in the human body or in the body of an animal. They have a negative effect on the whole body or on a specific organ, having a destructive effect on health.
The disease manifests itself in different ways. This is influenced by the species to which the worms belong, where in the body their location is and what their number is. Helminthiasis is often characterized by weight loss, physical weakness, dizziness, and excessive irritability. If the worms are in the intestines, then it is accompanied by constipation, diarrhea, nausea with possible vomiting.
In parasitism in the liver - icteric skin tone and edema; if in the lungs, the appearance of cough and runny nose. In any type of disease, activity and productivity are reduced. As for children, there may be interruptions in both the mental and physical development of the child, stunting, puberty and memory problems. This disease is provoked when helminth eggs enter the human body. We can get them through dirty fruits and vegetables, half-cooked meat and fish, and the most common are unwashed hands.
Infection of a person with worms, depending on their type, can occur when eating poorly cooked animal meat infected with eggs and larvae, or when eggs and larvae enter the human body, whose development occurs in the soil. Here they develop into adults.
The number of worms in the human body with advanced disease can be very large. Adult worms and their eggs can be excreted from the human body along with feces, which is the main symptom in recognizing the causes of the disease. In addition, there are more complex diagnostic methods based on blood tests, sputum and more. Which are performed in hospitals. When infected with worms, this can be:
- general malaise and weakness;
- rapid fatigue, increased or decreased appetite;
- nausea, vomiting, acute abdominal pain, rapid weight loss;
- diarrhea with worms in the stool;
- itching sensation in the anal area;
- sleep disorders.
To determine how to treat worms, the pediatrician prescribes:
- general stool analysis;
- general blood test;
- X-ray examination of the intestine;
- scraping the skin from the perianal area.
The following worms are most common in humans: pinworms, roundworms associated with roundworms, various types of tapeworms (tapeworms) associated with tapeworms (tapeworms). The main sources of infection are dirty hands, unwashed fruits and vegetables, untested foods, contaminated water and flies.
Necessary treatment for worms includes:
- antiparasitic drugs;
If you do not determine in time how to get rid of worms, there is a risk of complications:
- intestinal obstruction;
- purulent skin lesions;
To prevent infection and the spread of roundworms, you must follow the rules of personal hygiene, wash your hands, vegetables and fruits well and keep the toilets clean. In order not to face the problem of how to remove worms in the future, it is recommended:
- follow the rules of personal hygiene;
- wash the products well before use;
- perform the necessary heat treatment of meat, fish, seafood before eating them;
- observe children during games (so as not to take objects from the floor in your mouth).